Archive for January, 2010


Introduction: Terrorism and the State

On 11 September 2001, the United States of America awoke to horrifying images of airplanes ?ying into the World Trade Center’s Twin Towers. Within a span of forty-five minutes, the Twin Towers were reduced to rubble, killing 2752 people (, 29 October 2003), and the United States was set on a path by George W. Bush’s Administration to defend itself from the threat of terror. On 20 September 2001, President Bush addressed a joint session of Congress and delivered a speech that began with these words:
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The State and Terrorism: National Security and the Mobilization of Power

The State and Terrorism

By Joseph H. Campos
Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2007

Introduction: Terrorism and the State
1. The State in a Time of Terror
2. National Security Discourse on Terrorism in Cold War Presidential Rhetoric
3. National Security Discourse on Terrorism in Post-Cold War Presidential Rhetoric
4. Once They Were Human
5. State Versus Terror
6. Language, Knowledge, and Power in the Name of the State


Sanctioning Iran: If Only It Were So Simple

By Suzanne Maloney
Center for Strategic and International Studies, The Washington Quarterly, January 2010

(Suzanne Maloney is a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution’s Saban Center for Middle East Policy and formerly served on the policy planning staff of the Department of State. She can be reached at

For U.S. policymakers, the Islamic Republic of Iran continues to pose a dilemma because of the unpredictability of the problem on one hand, and the invariability of available U.S. policy instruments on the other. While the Iranian threat has been perennial, Tehran’s internal political dynamics and its external conduct have evolved considerably, and unexpectedly. Although Iran’s challenge has grown more complicated over the years, the landscape of U.S. policy options has remained consistent-and frustratingly limited-for most of the past three decades.
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How Corruption Compromises World Peace and Stability? – 2

By Robert I. Rotberg

Nigeria and Other Corrupted Countries

The other case studies contained in this volume are equally brutal in their surveys of political and largely internal corruption in Papua New Guinea and Nigeria and in the six other country cases discussed by Rose-Ackerman and Koechlin and Sepúlveda Carmona. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is unlike Russia and largely devoid of transnational implications and trafficking, but Nigeria is implicated in a raft of transnational activity and is heavily involved in almost every form of cross-border and transcontinental illicit action, even the smuggling of children as slave labor.
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How Corruption Compromises World Peace and Stability? – 1

By Robert I. Rotberg

Corruption is a human condition and an ancient phenomenon. From Mesopotamian times, if not before, public notables have abused their offices for personal gain; both well-born and common citizens have sought advantage by corrupting those holding power or controlling access to perquisites. The exercise of discretion, especially forms of discretion that facilitate or bar entry to opportunity, is a magnetic impulse that invariably attracts potential abusers. Moreover, since nearly all tangible opportunities are potentially zero-sum in their impact on individuals or classes of individuals, it is almost inevitable that claimants will seek favors from authorities and that authorities, in turn, appreciating the strength of their positions, will welcome inducements.
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Corruption, Global Security, and World Order

Corruption, Global Security, and World Order

World Peace Foundation and American Academy of Arts & Sciences, 2009


  1. How Corruption Compromises World Peace and Stability – Robert I. Rotberg
  2. Defining Corruption: Implications for Action – Laura S. Underkuffler
  3. Defining and Measuring Corruption: Where Have We Come From, Where Are We Now, and What Matters for the Future? – Nathaniel Heller
  4. Corruption in the Wake of Domestic National Conflict – Susan Rose-Ackerman
  5. Kleptocratic Interdependence: Trafficking, Corruption, and the Marriage of Politics and Illicit Profits – Kelly M. Greenhill
  6. Corruption and Nuclear Proliferation – Matthew Bunn
  7. To Bribe or to Bomb: Do Corruption and Terrorism Go Together? – Jessica C. Teets and Erica Chenoweth
  8. Corruption, the Criminalized State, and Post-Soviet Transitions – Robert Legvold
  9. Combating Corruption in Traditional Societies: Papua New Guinea – Sarah Dix and Emmanuel Pok
  10. The Travails of Nigeria’s Anti-Corruption Crusade – Rotimi T. Suberu
  11. The Paradoxes of Popular Participation in Corruption in Nigeria – Daniel Jordan Smith
  12. Corruption and Human Rights: Exploring the Connection – Lucy Koechlin and Magdalena Sepúlveda Carmona
  13. Leadership Alters Corrupt Behavior – Robert I. Rotberg
  14. The Role of the Multi-National Corporation in the Long War against Corruption – Ben W. Heineman, Jr.
  15. The Organization of Anti-Corruption: Getting Incentives Right – Johann Graf Lambsdorff
  16. A Coalition to Combat Corruption: TI, EITI, and Civil Society – Peter Eigen
  17. Reducing Corruption in the Health and Education Sectors – Charles C. Griffin
  18. Good Governance, Anti-Corruption, and Economic Development – Jomo Kwame Sundaram

Republished by Kajian Internasional Strategis


Israel’s Military Option

Giora Eiland
Center for Strategic and International Studies, The Washington Quarterly, January 2010

(Maj. Gen. (Ret.) Giora Eiland is a senior researcher at the Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) in Tel Aviv, and was the head of the Israeli National Security Council from 2004 to 2006. He can be reached at

Israel’s Military Option

Washington finally made the offer Tehran has been waiting to hear since 2006: to negotiate a peaceful halt to Iran’s nuclear program without any preconditions. In 2006, Iran was willing to temporarily freeze uranium enrichment for direct negotiation with the United States, since negotiations would have awarded the regime a great deal of legitimacy. Two years prior to that, in 2004, Iran had not dared to enrich uranium and had shelved its military plan. Today, the opening conditions are different. Washington courts Tehran while Iran declares its readiness to talk about any important strategic topic with the United States separately and with the P5 +1 (the five permanent members of the UN Security Council-China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States-and Germany). Nevertheless, it does not consider “its natural right to develop nuclear energy” a topic worthy of discussion and certainly is not ready to freeze any activity during the talks.
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