Posts Tagged ‘hizbullah


Iran-Syria-Hizballah-Hamas: Historical Background

Iran-Ideology and Strategy

Historically, fears and obsessive preoccupation with foreign interference, blended with impotence in the face of foreign inluence, have formed the basis of Iranian nationalism. Geography; the need to secure the country’s territorial integrity; competition with other empires (such as the Ottoman Empire); meddling in Iran’s internal afairs by Western/Eastern powers such as Russia, Britain, and the United States; geopolitics and “an acute awareness of the weight of history” have a special place in determining Iranian foreign policy. At the same time, the perception among most Iranians that Iran has been able to overcome outside pressures has allowed for the rise of an “arrogance of nonsubmission.” Ayatollah Khomeini’s celebrated phrase, “America cannot do anything” is a good example of this tendency.(7)
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A Coalition Against Nature
Why Does It Work ?
by Ely Karmon, Ph.D.

The Proteus Monograph Series
Volume 1, Issue 5
May 2008

About the Author

Dr. Ely Karmon has written extensively on international terrorism and has participated to numerous international conferences. His book entitled “Coalitions between Terrorist Organizations. Revolutionaries, Nationalists, Islamists (1968-2000)” was published in 2005 by Martinus Nijhof Publishers. Dr. Karmon is a Senior Research Scholar at the International Policy Institute for Counter-terrorism, and since 2003, also at he Institute for Policy and Strategy, he Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya, Israel.

Dr. Karmon holds a B.A. in English and French Culture from the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He earned both his M.A and Ph.D. from Haifa University. He took a Licence in International Relations from the Institut d’Etudes Politiques, and a Licence in Bantu languages from the Ecole de Langues Orientales, Paris.

He has been a Senior Research Scholar at the International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism in Herzliya since 1997. He lectured on Terrorism and Guerrilla in Modern Times at he Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya and at the IDF Military College; on International Terrorism at Bar-Ilan University, Israel (2002/3); and on the subjects of International Terrorism and European Extremist Parties and Organizations at Haifa University (1992-2000).

Dr. Karmon was the Shari and Herb Rosen visiting fellow at he Washington Institute for Near East Policy in 2002, which published his policy paper “Fight on All Fronts: Hizballah, the War on Terror, and the War in Iraq” (December 2003). He is a member of the International Permanent Observatory (IPO) on Security Measures during Majors Events at the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), Turin, and an Associate Fellow at the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence (ICSR), London, UK.

Dr. Karmon has been involved in several NATO workshops on terrorism and on the Mediterranean Dialogue. He also serves as advisor to the Israeli Ministry of Defense, and served as advisor of the Anti-Semitism Monitoring Forum of the Israeli Government Secretariat.

Table of Contents

Historical Background
The Building of the Triple Alliance: Iran, Syria, Hizballah (1980-1992)
The Building of the “Axis of Destabilization” (1992-2001)
The “Axis of Destabilization” after 9/11 and the War in Iraq
The “Axis” Involvement in Iraq
The Second Lebanon War (July-August 2006
The United States and Western Strategies in Challenging the “Axis of Destabilization”
Israel’s Counter-terrorism Strategy
Achievements of the “Axis of Destabilization”
The Alliance: Future Scenarios
The Predicament of the Iranian Nuclear Project
Continue reading ‘Iran-Syria-Hizballah-Hamas’


Daily Press Briefing

(Juru bicara Deplu AS Sean McCormack berdialog tentang Lebanon dengan wartawan. Anda akan lihat ada kebingungan terkait bukti dukungan Iran-Suriah terhadap Hizbullah.)

Daily Press Briefing
US Department of State, 09/05/08

MR. MCCORMACK: On Lebanon, she (Condoleezza Rice) spoke with Saudi Foreign Minister al Faisal. She is now – I think right about now, speaking with French Foreign Minister Kouchner and also Secretary – UN Secretary General Ban. With Secretary General Ban, she also spoke with him about Burma as well. And on Lebanon, it was really to talk about the current situation, what the international system can do to support this Lebanese Government that is acting on behalf of the Lebanese people in the face of illegal acts by the armed gangs aimed at destabilizing the political situation in Lebanon.

I have a statement from the Secretary, and this is on Lebanon. We’ll put out a paper version of this after the briefing, but again, this is from her:

The United States is deeply concerned about the ongoing violence in Lebanon. We condemn the use of force by illegitimate armed groups and call upon all parties to respect the rule of law. Backed by Syria and Iran, Hezbollah and its allies are killing and injuring fellow citizens, undermining the legitimate authority of the Lebanese Government and the institutions of the Lebanese state. Seeking to protect their state within a state, Hezbollah has exploited its allies and demonstrated its contempt for its fellow Lebanese. No one has the right to deprive Lebanese citizens of their political and economic freedom, their right to move freely within their country, or their sense of safety and security.

Our support for the legitimate Lebanese Government, its democratic institutions and its security services is unwavering. This support is a reflection of our unshakable commitment to the Lebanese people and their hope for democratic change, economic prosperity and confessional harmony. We will stand by the Lebanese Government and peaceful citizens of Lebanon through this crisis and provide the support they need to weather this storm. With —

QUESTION: What harmony?
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A Wild Day in Beirut

(Satu catatan dan pandangan dari ibu kota Lebanon)

A Wild Day in Beirut
Street Notes from the Hamra District
By Franklin Lamb

Beirut. “Where did they come from?”, the desk clerk at the Royal Plaza Hotel in Rauche by the sea near Hamra wondered out loud. “I have been on duty all night and saw nothing. Suddenly they are everywhere!”

Of course this observer wondered the same thing. The time was around 8:30 am, having ducked into the Hotel to escape a flash shower before the sunny morning returned.
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Blindsided, Hezbollah Mulls Its Response

(Satu catatan dan pandangan dari ibu kota Lebanon)

One More War Crime
Blindsided, Hezbollah Mulls Its Response
By Franklin Lamb

Hezbollah sources concede that they were taken by surprise and some were shocked, by the intense incendiary bombardment of the last few days by pro government operatives. As Hezbollah studies ‘the situation’ and how to respond this beautiful spring Beirut morning, there is a real danger things may rapidly spiral out of control.

Yesterday started off, peacefully enough, with a strike called by the General Federation of Labor Unions (GFLU) in Lebanon represented by the General Labor Union. The strike was supported by Hezbollah, to protest the Governments failure to adopt what the union considers a living wage of $ 600. Currently the minimum wage in Lebanon is approximately $ 200 per month. The strike continues for the second day but tensions are escalating and Beirut’s airport remains closed by anti-government demonstrators. Beirut’s main roads are intermittently blocked, the streets virtually empty and the town largely locked down as sporadic violence and stone throwing continue.
Continue reading ‘Blindsided, Hezbollah Mulls Its Response’



Wawan Kurniawan
Pendiri Kajian Internasional Strategis (KAINSA)

Kemarin (29/05), Lebanon memyelenggarakan pemilu kedua pasca perang saudara (civil war) setelah yang pertama pada 3 September 2000. Pemilu kemarin juga merupakan pemilu pertama pasca berakhirnya 29 tahun (1976-2005) pendudukan Suriah di Lebanon. Suriah menarik mundur seluruh pasukannya pada 25 April 2005 dan menempatkannya di Lembah Bekaa, perbatasan Lebanon-Suriah.

Meskipun belum diketahui hasilnya, pemilu yang menentukan konstelasi kekuatan di parlemen (Majelis Al Nuwab) Lebanon itu diprediksi membawa kemenangan bagi kelompok Muslim, khususnya kaum Syiah. Kemenangan itu dimungkinkan mengingat konfigurasi penganut agama yang ada sekarang adalah Muslim 59,7% dan Kristen 39% (CIA World Factbook 2005). Sementara PINR (Power and Interest News Report) menyebutkan empat kekuatan utama Lebanon dengan komposisi: Muslim Syiah 40 persen, Muslim Sunni 20, Kristen Manorite 16, Druze 6, dan selebihnya adalah Muslim Alawy, Kristen Yunani dan Kristen Armenia (Dr. Michael A. Weinstei, Lebanon Loses its Buffer,, 18/02/2005)




Wawan Kurniawan
Pendiri Kajian Internasional Strategis (KAINSA)

Untuk pertama kalinya dalam sejarah Timur Tengah modern (pasca-Perang Dunia II), dua gerakan perlawanan yang paling terkemuka, Hamas dan Hizbullah, beraliansi menghadapi musuh yang sama Israel. Hamas memulai serangan pada 25 Juni melalui terowongan-yang digali dua bulan sebelumnya-di Kerem Shalom dengan hasil: 1 tentara Israel tewas dan satu tentara (Gilad Shalit) lagi ditahan. Sedangkan, serangan Hizbullah terjadi pada pagi 12 Juli dengan hasil: 8 tentara Israel tewas dan dua orang tentara (Ehud Goldwasser dan Eldad Regev) ditahan.

IOF (Israel Occupation Force) melalui operasi “Summer Rain” (29 Juni) membalas dengan membombardir Jalur Gaza, Lebanon selatan, dan Beirut. Memblokade akses-akses darat, laut, dan udara. Merusak fasilitas-fasilitas umum semisal pembangkit listrik, universitas, rumah sakit, bandara, jalan dan jembatan. Artileri IOF terus menyalak. Jet-jet tempurnya (yang sebagian besar adalah F-16 sumbangan Amerika Serikat) terus menghujani dengan bom. Demikian juga kanon-kanon kapal laut IOF. Di Jalur Gaza, bom-bom sonic membuat orang Palestina tidak bisa tidur.


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