Posts Tagged ‘lebanon


The main players in Lebanon’s crisis

The main players in Lebanon’s crisis
Reuters, 15/05/08

Rival Lebanese leaders are scheduled to hold talks in Qatar on Friday aimed at resolving 18 months of political conflict that has triggered bouts of lethal fighting, paralysed government and left the country without a president since November.

Following is some background on the main political leaders and parties involved the crisis in Lebanon:
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Rules West Beirut In Iran’s Proxy War With US

Hizbollah Rules West Beirut In Iran’s Proxy War With US
By Robert Fisk
The Independent, 10/05/08

Another American humiliation. The Shia gunmen who drove past my apartment in west Beirut yesterday afternoon were hooting their horns, making V-signs, leaning out of the windows of SUVs with their rifles in the air, proving to the Muslims of the capital that the elected government of Lebanon has lost.

And it has. The national army still patrols the streets, but solely to prevent sectarian killings or massacres. Far from dismantling the pro-Iranian Hizbollah’s secret telecommunications system – and disarming the Hizbollah itself – the cabinet of Fouad Siniora sits in the old Turkish serail in Beirut, denouncing violence with the same authority as the Iraqi government in Baghdad’s green zone.
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Daily Press Briefing

(Juru bicara Deplu AS Sean McCormack berdialog tentang Lebanon dengan wartawan. Anda akan lihat ada kebingungan terkait bukti dukungan Iran-Suriah terhadap Hizbullah.)

Daily Press Briefing
US Department of State, 09/05/08

MR. MCCORMACK: On Lebanon, she (Condoleezza Rice) spoke with Saudi Foreign Minister al Faisal. She is now – I think right about now, speaking with French Foreign Minister Kouchner and also Secretary – UN Secretary General Ban. With Secretary General Ban, she also spoke with him about Burma as well. And on Lebanon, it was really to talk about the current situation, what the international system can do to support this Lebanese Government that is acting on behalf of the Lebanese people in the face of illegal acts by the armed gangs aimed at destabilizing the political situation in Lebanon.

I have a statement from the Secretary, and this is on Lebanon. We’ll put out a paper version of this after the briefing, but again, this is from her:

The United States is deeply concerned about the ongoing violence in Lebanon. We condemn the use of force by illegitimate armed groups and call upon all parties to respect the rule of law. Backed by Syria and Iran, Hezbollah and its allies are killing and injuring fellow citizens, undermining the legitimate authority of the Lebanese Government and the institutions of the Lebanese state. Seeking to protect their state within a state, Hezbollah has exploited its allies and demonstrated its contempt for its fellow Lebanese. No one has the right to deprive Lebanese citizens of their political and economic freedom, their right to move freely within their country, or their sense of safety and security.

Our support for the legitimate Lebanese Government, its democratic institutions and its security services is unwavering. This support is a reflection of our unshakable commitment to the Lebanese people and their hope for democratic change, economic prosperity and confessional harmony. We will stand by the Lebanese Government and peaceful citizens of Lebanon through this crisis and provide the support they need to weather this storm. With —

QUESTION: What harmony?
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A Wild Day in Beirut

(Satu catatan dan pandangan dari ibu kota Lebanon)

A Wild Day in Beirut
Street Notes from the Hamra District
By Franklin Lamb

Beirut. “Where did they come from?”, the desk clerk at the Royal Plaza Hotel in Rauche by the sea near Hamra wondered out loud. “I have been on duty all night and saw nothing. Suddenly they are everywhere!”

Of course this observer wondered the same thing. The time was around 8:30 am, having ducked into the Hotel to escape a flash shower before the sunny morning returned.
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Blindsided, Hezbollah Mulls Its Response

(Satu catatan dan pandangan dari ibu kota Lebanon)

One More War Crime
Blindsided, Hezbollah Mulls Its Response
By Franklin Lamb

Hezbollah sources concede that they were taken by surprise and some were shocked, by the intense incendiary bombardment of the last few days by pro government operatives. As Hezbollah studies ‘the situation’ and how to respond this beautiful spring Beirut morning, there is a real danger things may rapidly spiral out of control.

Yesterday started off, peacefully enough, with a strike called by the General Federation of Labor Unions (GFLU) in Lebanon represented by the General Labor Union. The strike was supported by Hezbollah, to protest the Governments failure to adopt what the union considers a living wage of $ 600. Currently the minimum wage in Lebanon is approximately $ 200 per month. The strike continues for the second day but tensions are escalating and Beirut’s airport remains closed by anti-government demonstrators. Beirut’s main roads are intermittently blocked, the streets virtually empty and the town largely locked down as sporadic violence and stone throwing continue.
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Wawan Kurniawan
Pendiri Kajian Internasional Strategis (KAINSA)

Kemarin (29/05), Lebanon memyelenggarakan pemilu kedua pasca perang saudara (civil war) setelah yang pertama pada 3 September 2000. Pemilu kemarin juga merupakan pemilu pertama pasca berakhirnya 29 tahun (1976-2005) pendudukan Suriah di Lebanon. Suriah menarik mundur seluruh pasukannya pada 25 April 2005 dan menempatkannya di Lembah Bekaa, perbatasan Lebanon-Suriah.

Meskipun belum diketahui hasilnya, pemilu yang menentukan konstelasi kekuatan di parlemen (Majelis Al Nuwab) Lebanon itu diprediksi membawa kemenangan bagi kelompok Muslim, khususnya kaum Syiah. Kemenangan itu dimungkinkan mengingat konfigurasi penganut agama yang ada sekarang adalah Muslim 59,7% dan Kristen 39% (CIA World Factbook 2005). Sementara PINR (Power and Interest News Report) menyebutkan empat kekuatan utama Lebanon dengan komposisi: Muslim Syiah 40 persen, Muslim Sunni 20, Kristen Manorite 16, Druze 6, dan selebihnya adalah Muslim Alawy, Kristen Yunani dan Kristen Armenia (Dr. Michael A. Weinstei, Lebanon Loses its Buffer,, 18/02/2005)


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