Posts Tagged ‘terror


Introduction: Terrorism and the State

On 11 September 2001, the United States of America awoke to horrifying images of airplanes ?ying into the World Trade Center’s Twin Towers. Within a span of forty-five minutes, the Twin Towers were reduced to rubble, killing 2752 people (, 29 October 2003), and the United States was set on a path by George W. Bush’s Administration to defend itself from the threat of terror. On 20 September 2001, President Bush addressed a joint session of Congress and delivered a speech that began with these words:
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The State and Terrorism: National Security and the Mobilization of Power

The State and Terrorism

By Joseph H. Campos
Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2007

Introduction: Terrorism and the State
1. The State in a Time of Terror
2. National Security Discourse on Terrorism in Cold War Presidential Rhetoric
3. National Security Discourse on Terrorism in Post-Cold War Presidential Rhetoric
4. Once They Were Human
5. State Versus Terror
6. Language, Knowledge, and Power in the Name of the State


The Regional Dimension: Jemaah Islamiyah


JI is an active jihadist terrorist group with purported historic links to al-Qaeda. The group currently enjoys a concerted presence in Indonesia and, to a lesser extent, the Philippines and is known to have had established cells in Malaysia and Singapore. It has also tried to entrench an operational and logistical foothold in both southern Thailand and Cambodia. The United States designated JI a foreign terrorist organization in October 2002, shortly after the first Bali attacks (discussed later). The group was subsequently added to the United Nations’ (UN’s) list of proscribed entities, a move that requires all member states to freeze its assets, deny it access to funding, and prevent its cadres from entering or traveling through their territories (Manyin et al., 2004, p. 5).1
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The Evolving Terrorist Threat to Southeast Asia: A Net Assessment: Introduction

Terrorism is not new to Southeast Asia. Indeed, for much of the Cold War, the activities of a variety of domestic ethnonationalist and religious militant groups posed what was arguably one of the most signifcant challenges to the internal stability of several countries across the region. Tese violent organizations arose in reaction to the unwillingness of many Southeast Asian governments to acknowledge or recognize the right of minority self-determination. Such reticence essentially owed itself to an implicit fear that acceding to even limited ethnonationalist demands would result in an unstoppable secessionist tide, challenging the very basis of statehood that underscored Southeast Asian post-colonial identity (Acharya, 1993, p. 19; see also Christie, 1996; Jeshurun, 1985; Joo-Jock and Vani, 1984; D. Brown, 1994; Findlay, 1996; and Nathan, 1997).

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The Evolving Terrorist Threat to Southeast Asia: A Net Assessment: Summary

The Current Terrorist Threat

Overall, the terrorist threat to the countries covered in this monograph remains a serious but largely manageable security problem. In Tailand, while the scale and scope of Islamist-inspired violence in the three southern Malay provinces of Yala, Pattani, and Narathiwat have become more acute since 2004, the confict has (thus far) not spread to the country’s majority non-Muslim population nor has it taken on an anti-Western dimension.1 Indeed, at the time of this writing, outside demagogues and radicals had singularly failed to gain any concerted logistical or ideological foothold in the region, which suggests that Tailand’s so-called “deep south” is unlikely to become a new hub for furthering the transregional designs of fundamentalist jihadi elements.
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The Evolving Terrorist Threat to Southeast Asia: A Net Assessment

Peter Chalk, Angel Rabasa, William Rosenau, Leanne Piggott
RAND Corporation 2009

The Evolving Terrorist Threat to Southeast Asia




  1. Introduction
  2. Malay Muslim extremism in Southern Tailand
  3. Muslim and Communist extremism in the Philippines
  4. Terrorism and National Security in Indonesia
  5. The regional Dimension: Jemaah Islamiyah
  6. Counterterrorism and National Security in Tailand
  7. Counterterrorism and National Security in the Philippines
  8. Counterterrorism and National Security in Indonesia
  9. National Security in Southeast Asia: The U.S. Dimension
  10. Conlusion

The Talibanization of Southeast Asia: Losing the War on Terror to Islamist Extremists: Introduction

Behind the Veil of Successful Counterterrorism

Prior to the September 11, 2001 (hereafter the 9/11 Incident), attacks on the United States, governments and security planners in Southeast Asia had already been preoccupied with the threat posed by religious extremism and terrorism. There is a long history of both secular and religious-oriented terrorism in the region. In particular, the region has long been threatened by Jihadists, armed Islamist groups who declared war against various central governments with the goal of either gaining greater political autonomy, as was the case in southern Thailand and the Philippines, or outright secession, as was the case in Aceh, Indonesia.
Continue reading ‘The Talibanization of Southeast Asia: Losing the War on Terror to Islamist Extremists: Introduction’

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